Home Health Rowe v. Wade: How Restricting Access to Abortion in the U.S. Will...

Rowe v. Wade: How Restricting Access to Abortion in the U.S. Will Lead to More Women Deaths

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Plenty of evidence suggests that restricting access to abortion does not reduce the number of abortions, but only the risk of death for those who need them.


Health

| Analysis

May 4, 2022

Protesters protest against abortion near the US Supreme Court

Shutterstock / Rena Shield

A leaked draft U.S. Supreme Court ruling believes that the country’s highest court is on the verge of repealing Roe v Wade, a 1973 decision in principle that protects the right to abortion in the country. The draft, written by one of the judges Samuel Alita, was published on May 2 on the news site Politico. If – or as many now believe as a result of this leak, if – the decision is overturned, the consequences for women’s health will be dire.

Studies show that illegal abortion does not reduce the number of abortions performed. In fact, abortion rates are higher in countries with more restrictive laws than in countries where abortion is widely available. 2009 study researchers from Brigham and Boston Women’s Hospital. Instead, laws restricting abortion significantly increase the risk of death for people who receive them. The same study reports that abortion-related mortality is 34 times higher in countries with restrictive abortion laws.

Properly performed, abortion, medical or surgical, is one of the safest gynecological procedures – much safer than childbirth. The latest data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that the US has 0.41 deaths per 100,000 legal abortions compared to 23.8 deaths per 100,000 live births.

However, if abortions are performed in unsanitary conditions or by untrained doctors, they can be fatal. According to 2009 The study, 68,000 women worldwide die from unsafe abortions each year, primarily from bleeding and infections, and another 5 million have long-term health complications from these procedures.

Pregnancy and childbirth in themselves can be debilitating and even deadly. In 2020 861 women died in the United States causes related to pregnancy or childbirth. Perinatal diseases such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are affected 6 to 8 percent of pregnant womenand the development of these conditions during pregnancy increases the likelihood of high blood pressure and diabetes later in life.

Read more: Most women who have had an abortion do not regret it after five years

Black women in the United States are particularly at risk for pregnancy-related complications: their maternal mortality almost three times higher than in white women, according to the CDC. If people are forced to give birth, they will also be forced to face these risks.

Restricting access to abortion can also cause emotional stress. A survey of 956 women in the U.S., those who wanted to have an abortion found that those who were denied the procedure had higher levels of anxiety, less life satisfaction, and lower self-esteem in the following weeks than women who had abortions.

Another consequence of limited access to abortion is the negative impact on children born of unwanted pregnancies. According to American Psychological Association, “Unwanted pregnancy has been associated with a deficiency of the child’s subsequent cognitive, emotional, and social processes. These children are more likely to experience negative long-term outcomes in adulthood, such as an increased likelihood of involvement in criminal behavior, dependence on state aid, and an unstable marriage. ”

The US Supreme Court has not yet officially ruled to overturn the decision to protect the right to abortion in the country. The leaked document was an early majority draft opinion, and a formal decision is expected by June. People who now need an abortion can still have an abortion.

If Roe v Wade is repealed, it will not make abortion illegal across the United States, but some states will ban it. The draft decision of the Supreme Court is on its heels the largest number of state restrictions on abortion imposed by law in one year.

Thirteen states have drafted so-called launch laws that will effectively ban all abortions once Rowe v. Wade is repealed. Nine more states have laws banning abortion, which became unenforceable after Rowe v. Wade, but are likely to take effect if repealed. This is stated by the research group of reproductive rights of the Gutmacher Institute 26 states would probably ban abortion when Rowe is overturned.

As a result, access to safe abortions will depend on geography and resources, which will put the most disadvantaged people at even greater risk.

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